Squamous cell carcinoma : Development. Symptoms, And Treatment

What is Squamous Cell Carcinoma?

Squamous cell carcinoma : Development. Symptoms, And Treatment


Squamous cell carcinoma is a form of skin cancer characterized by dull red, scaly and rough skin lesions. 

The condition is the most common type of skin cancer in human beings; the others being basal cell carcinoma and melanoma. 

As long as the condition is treated early, it does not cause further problems. When left untreated, it can grow and spread to other body parts and cause serious complications. 

The most common cause of the condition is prolonged exposure to UV radiation from the sun or from other sources like tanning beds. 

The best protection from this form of cancer is avoiding UV light rays as much as possible. Although sunscreen lotion offers temporary protection, the use of sunscreen products does not fully prevent the development of skin cancer.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Symptoms

Squamous cell carcinomas may also occur in other parts of the body including the anus, the genitals, and the mouth. 

Tumors usually indicate the development of this type of cancer. Firm and red nodules on the ears, lower lip, face, or arms are symptoms of the disease. 

The nodules may also show signs of bleeding. These areas of the body may also show flat lesions that have crusty or scaly surfaces.  

White flat patches inside the mouth may also indicate cancer, but not at all times. 

Raised patches and ulcerated sores in the genital region or the anus can sometimes be indicators, but it is best to consult a doctor to determine if any of these signs are definitely indications of cancer.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treatment

Squamous cell carcinomas can be cured completely with minor surgical procedures. However, the treatment depends on its size, level of complication, and location. Here are some of the usual treatments.

1. Excision

Removal of the cancerous tissue through excision may include removal of normal skin surrounding the tumor in various cases. 

This type of procedure may also include skin reconstruction to repair the damaged area of the skin, especially if found on the face.

2. Mohs Surgery

This involves removing the tumor one layer at a time until it reaches a point where the skin cells are normal. This allows the normal areas of the skin to be preserved, thus reducing the need for reconstruction.

3. Laser Surgery

Laser beams are specifically used for superficial or light carcinoma on the lips.

4. Radiation Therapy

This type of treatment is usually used for large tumors on the lips, eyelids, ears, or any other part of the body that is hard to treat using surgical procedures.

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